Cacti CaresHow To Take Care Your Cactus
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Cacti cares are short animation that are focuses to within age gap of adolescent. Thus, it is short, colourful and compact with knowledge on how to take care of our cactuses. Cactuses are suitable for begginer as they can thrive under harsh condition and still survive, but that doesn't mean that they don't need to be taken care and loved as much as other plants. In addition, cactuses have so many shapes and forms that you can decorated your house with.
Cacti are called when there are one cactus. When it is plural, we called them cactuses. Almost all cacti are succulents, meaning they have thickened, fleshy parts adapted to store water. Unlike many other succulents, the stem is the only part of most cacti where this vital process takes place. Most species of cacti have lost true leaves, retaining only spines, which are highly modified leaves. As well as defending against herbivores, spines help prevent water loss by reducing air flow close to the cactus and providing some shade. In the absence of leaves, enlarged stems carry out photosynthesis.
Watering depends on the type of cactus you have and the time of year. For most of the year, water only when the soil has dried out from the last watering, which you can check by pressing your finger into the soil; the soil is dry if no soil particles cling to your finger when you remove it. For some cacti, you might need to water weekly, while for others, watering every two to three weeks is all that's needed. In the winter, cut back on water for desert-type cacti and water once a month. For tropical cacti, water regularly year-round but also keep the soil moist instead of dry while the plant is in flower.
Just like with any other garden or houseplant, fertilizing cactus plants will help them adapt, actively grow and even multiply if that’s one of their characteristics. Cacti fertilizer requirements are pretty simple. Any good houseplant food (diluted to half) that’s higher in phosphorus than nitrogen is a good choice. A 5-10-5 solution can work well.
Most cactus only needed small amount of feeding instead of one big feeding, once a year is already good enough for our cactus plants. However, if you are organized, you can feed them 3 times in summer, spring and fall will satisfy your cactus needs. Just make sure you dont overfeed your cactus as the overfeed will make them unhealthy and overly green.
Light is the most important source for our cactus. They requires bright and humidity for their taste. Place those cacti on a tray with pebbles that you keep constantly wet so the air around the plant stays humid. Avoid placing tropical cacti near heating vents. For example of a good place to place your indoor catus is near brighted window but don't place them directy under the sun because cactus can get sunburn too.
Repotting can be quiet tricky as their spine can hurt you. You need to wear a thick glove and remember to handle your cactus with care as you gone along the process as you don't want to damage their's root. You will need to repot your cactus once they are overgrown. The sign of overgrown are you can see their roots from the drainage hole and the crown reaches the edge of the pot.
Please make sure that the new pot won't be too big for your cactus as they can make your cactus' root rot because the soil will retain the water more than it needed. First of all, you need to loosen up the soils. Run a dull knife around the inside perimeter of the pot, using a sawing motion to help break up the soil there. Continue as needed until the soil starts coming up as a solid mass.
Lift the cactus out with newspaper. Stack a few sheets of newspaper together and fold them in thirds to create a thick, sturdy strip. Wrap this strip around your cactus. Carefully grab this strip, pressing it against the cactus as you work, and lift both the strip and cactus up and out of the pot. Put a little soil in the new pot. Place a little coarse potting soil in the bottom of the new pot. Use enough potting soil to keep the cactus planted at the depth it was originally planted at within in the old pot.
Hold the cactus in the middle of the pot. Carefully pick up the cactus using the newspaper and place it in the center of its new pot. Rest it on or just above the soil in the bottom of the pot. Add soil around it. Carefully fill in the space around your cactus with more coarse potting mix. Sprinkle in as much as needed to hold the cactus in the center of the pot without packing the soil in. Once the sides are roughly halfway full, gently tap the sides of the pot. This encourages the soil to get into the root mass gently. Repeat this step again once the sides are completely filled in. At this point, you should also make sure that the plant is not too deep or not too high. Carefully adjust the position of the cactus in the pot as needed so that the green portion is above the soil while the brown root portion remains below the soil.
Cactus commons problems are usually bacterial or fungal problem due to overwatering asnd such. However, seldomly pest or insects will sendomly feed on your cactus. Cactus' pests are such:
Mealybugs and Scale
both damage plants by sucking plant juices resulting in plants that are weak with wrinkled, shriveled leaves. Severe infestations may result in the death of the plant. Often the first symptom of a problem is stickiness or black mold on or near the plant.
Fungus Gnats are 1/8 to 1/16-inch long black flies that resemble mosquitoes. They are most often seen hovering above the soil surface. Adult flies do not cause any damage but the larva live in the soil consuming organic matter and roots. Large plants are usually not affected by the root damage but seedlings may be stunted or killed.
Spider Mites damage cacti and succulents by sucking the plant’s juices. The first sign of spider mites is usually webbing and small brown dots, especially on younger growth, where the plant's epidermis has been damaged. Spider mites are very small, only about 1/50 of an inch long, and will look like dust when the affected area is tapped over a piece of paper.
There's a lot of ways for pest controls. The most common ways are to use intesicide, make sure it has label that safe for plants before using it. Systemic Insecticide is effective for the part that dont get access by spray intesicide. Other than that, cacti surfaces are suitable for intesicide soap as their suceptible to damage from soap. Be wary to use it on otehr plants, test it on the small surface area before proceed. Most important of them all are to take good care your cactus to avoid them having pests issues. Keep the pots free from dried leaves and spend flowers